This presentation looks at a study by CHF, which focussed on the economic impact of shelter assistance in post-disaster settings. This study was funded by USAID/ODFA. CHF identifies the role of shelter as capital, as particularly important in accelerating development and increasing incomes. It is noted that this role is typically unappreciated, particularly among post-disaster program planners.
The study focuses on three post disaster situations, Sri-Lanka, Columbia and El Salvador. It identifies benefits of shelter assistance such as direct relief, health benefits, maintenance of community and support for home based enterprises. The relationship between housing production and economic activity is scrutinised more thoroughly and an econometric model produced. The model identifies the presence of a 'multiplier', or an increase in economic activity far greater in value than the initial shelter assistance.