Regional refugee protection in comparative perspective Lessons learned from the Asia-Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and Europe

Regional cooperation has been a prominent feature of Australia's Asylum Policy across various contexts. Nonetheless, there has been little comparative research on regional refugee cooperation frameworks. This research report examines past, current, and potential regional models for dealing with asylum seekers in order to inform ongoing discussions about regional cooperation in the AsiaPacific region. The report emphasizes multilateral agreements (involving multiple states) over bilateral agreements (between two States). It investigates the legal viability of such schemes as well as potential policy outcomes while keeping practical constraints in mind. Relevant issues include state responsibility, the role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and the application of other migration policies and practices concurrently.