A report on the Neighborhood Upgrading and Shelter Sector Project in Indonesia. The project focused on the low income population in urban areas in Indonesia. Its goal is to help improve living conditions among the urban poor by having the beneficiaries both participating in and benefit from development of upgraded housing facilities. Beneficiaries are also to participate in managing and financing the initiative in a way that both expands their asset base and improves their overall level of well-being. As the project is being implemented in 32 cities in 17 provinces, it is also expected to make planning for and provision of housing for the poor more responsive to the needs of beneficiaries.