HIV has considerably exacerbated the effects of humanitarian crises in many countries. The growing number of humanitarian crises, which are often linked to displacement, food insecurity and poverty, increase vulnerability to HIV and negatively affect the lives of people living with HIV. The UN General Assembly adopted, in December 2005, a resolution to scale up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, with the aim of coming as close as possible to the goal of universal access to treatment for all those who need it by 2010. There is a general consensus that universal access targets cannot be reached without addressing HIV prevention, treatment, care, support and mitigation in situations of humanitarian crises. It is universally agreed that any response to HIV in humanitarian crises must take human rights and gender into account.