Pakistan is highly vulnerable to earthquakes, avalanches, floods and political conflict. This century it has faced recurrent emergencies characterised by extensive displacement. A major earthquake in 2005 which affected 3.5 million people was followed by military operations against Islamic militants which caused the world’s largest displacement in over a decade – some 4.2 million people were affected, and it is thought 1.5 million IDPs are yet to return.
This report gives first an overview of the flood crisis. Secondly, it provides a lessons learned from the flood chapter, with a focus on the crisis, the response, timeliness and constraints, and the coordination among the clusters and partner organizations.