Heavy monsoon rains beginning at the end of July 2010 triggered unprecedented flooding along the Indus River and ploughed a swathe of destruction more than 1,000 km long, stretching through northern Pakistan, the Punjab and Sindh. The government of Pakistan reported that over 20 million people were affected by the floods in 78 districts, and the official death toll has reached 1,985. Over 1.6 million houses have either been damaged or destroyed. As of November 2010, 7.2 million people were still receiving food aid. At that time, shelter and restoring livelihoods were a priority in all provinces.