environmental issues in areas retaken from isil mosul, iraq

This UN Environment Technical Note addresses the environmental impacts of looting and systemic sabotage in regions that have been recaptured by ISIL. Iraq has experienced widespread destruction of civil and industrial infrastructure from systematic and extensive sabotage and looting by ISIL (so-called Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, alias Daesh), as well as from airstrikes and military operations to recapture these areas. One of Iraq’s largest cities, Mosul, is at the centre of one of the world’s largest and most complex humanitarian operations with over one million displaced persons. As commercial and industrial hub, Mosul is also where environmental impacts are considered to be of greatest concern given the high level of infrastructure destruction, the large number of hazardous sources, and the potential size of the exposed population.