Flash floods and hill torrents triggered by heavy monsoon rains once again fell across Pakistan in early September 2012, claiming
over 400 lives and causing further widespread damage to liveihoods and infrastructure, particularly in Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab provinces; many of the affected districts, particularly in Balochistan and Sindh, are still struggling to recover from the floods of 2010 and 2011.
At the request of the Government of Pakistan (GoP), the National Disaster Management Authority/Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) collaborated with humanitarian partners to pilot the Multi-sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) in five of the most-affected districts: Jaffarabad and Naseerabad (in Balochistan); Rajanpur (in Punjab); and Jacobabad and Kashmore (in Sindh). According to the MIRA
findings, the flooding in 2012 affected some 2.02 million people and destroyed about 80% of standing crops (including cotton, rice, sorghum, pulses and vegetables) and 73% to 96% of fodder stocks.