Science Document: Best Practices on National Drought Management Policy

The final type of policy response is the development and implementation of preparedness plans and policies, which would include organizational frameworks and operational arrangements developed in advance of drought and maintained in between drought episodes by government or other entities. This approach represents an attempt to create greater institutional capacity focused on improved coordination and collaboration within and between levels of government and with stakeholders in the plethora of private organizations with a vested interest in drought management (i.e., communities, natural resource districts or managers, utilities, agribusiness, farm organizations, and others). What is proposed as part of a national drought management policy is to emphasize the development and implementation of pre-impact government programs and preparedness plans and policies that are directed towards drought risk reduction. The lists of best practices that follow are examples of measures that should be considered as part of framing a national drought policy for each droughtprone nation.