Renting vs Hosting Assistance in Post-Crisis Urban Areas

On November 8, 2013, Category 5 Super Typhoon Haiyan made landfall in Eastern Samar province, Philippines. In Tacloban City alone, more than 28,500 shelters were destroyed and nearly 18,000 damaged. The resulting displacement was massive. In the early days after the typhoon, the national government imposed a 40-meter buffer-zone along the coastline defined as a high-risk area. This strip was designated a ‘No Dwell Zone’ (NDZ). The government also revealed a plan to relocate the people who had lived in these areas. However, the people who used to live in these areas were living in makeshift shelters or with host families, and often in partially damaged or overcrowded accommodations where they were already beginning to reconstruct where possible, disregarding the theoretical NDZ.CRS and its partners’ support enabled the affected families to complete 3,297 shelters, including 1,104 repairs, 594 new constructions, 383 land rental, 1,573 apartment rentals, and 384 host families. Besides the trainings for the affected populations, CRS conducted trainings to apartment owners and renters, with a focus on ‘The Rights and Obligations of Lessors and Lessees in the Philippines in Accordance with Existing Laws.’ This was done by the project’s community organizers and paralegal officers.