Non-incineration treatment and disposal of healthcare waste

This document can also be found on the Official website of the World Health Organisation (WHO) at
This document is an informative presentation on the alternatives to incinerating healthcare waste and covers the following topics: basic approaches for healthcare waste treatment; basic processes used for healthcare waste treatment; factors for consideration when selecting waste treatment methods; different types of non-incineration treatment processes for healthcare waste; advantages and disadvantages of the treatment methods and disposal options.
This resource is part of a Collection of similar guidelines entitled "COVID-19: Guidelines and Policies on Waste Management", and it is included in the series of Collections supporting response to Covid-19 outbreak. Collections are monitored daily and new content is added.