HIV/AIDS and Conflict

During war and conflict, civilians are often subjected to mass displacement, human rights abuses, including sexual violence, and are left in conditions of poverty that might force them to use commercial sex to survive. The Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, adopted by the UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS on 27 June 2001 “Calls on all United Nations agencies, regional and international organizations, as well as non-governmental organizations involved with the provision and delivery of international assistance to countries and regions affected by conflicts, humanitarian crises or natural disasters, to incorporate as a matter of urgency HIV/AIDS prevention, care and awareness elements into their plans and programmes and provide HIV/AIDS awareness and training to their personnel.” In response to the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, the UNAIDS Initiative on HIV/AIDS and Security addresses HIV/AIDS among vulnerable populations affected by conflict, notably refugees, women and children.