Climate Change and Conflict: a systematic evidence review

This paper therefore presents two main levels of analysis. The first level reports what
academic research says is happening about climate change and violent conflict. The second
level then considers how these studies make their arguments for linking climate change and
conflict. Together, these two stages of analysis allow us to evaluate the evidence for whether
climate change will accelerate violent conflict, and the likely ways these connections will
The specific questions addressed by this paper are therefore:
• How will climate change impact upon violent conflict, especially in developing countries?
• What are the obvious assumptions in how analysts connect climate change and conflict?